Leiden University Career Zone
Study (re) choice
Do you have doubts about your choice of study? Are you considering changing studies?
You can discuss your doubts with your study advisor or with a study advisor from the Career Service.
On this page you will find more information on how to get started with your choice.
Always discuss your doubts first with the study advisor of your programme! Perhaps your doubts have less to do with your choice than with your study approach or certain circumstances within or outside your programme.
Study choice advisor Career Service
The study choice advisor of your faculty Career Service can help you with your study (re)choice questions. Together you will discuss your current study choice and, if necessary, how you can orient yourself towards a new study. Together with the study choice advisor, you will map out your doubts and situation and go deeper into your study (re)choice.
Study (re)choice consultation
During a (re)choice consultation, various topics may come up for discussion, such as
- How your studies are progressing at the moment, in order to clarify whether your doubts have to do with your choice of study or with your approach to the study, the degree of difficulty or other circumstances.
- How you have oriented yourself before and how that has led to a choice.
- Uncertainty and fear of making the 'wrong' choice again.
- How to make a good/new choice.
- The steps in the study choice process: orientation, exploration, deepening, decision. Where do you stand and what do you still need?
- Discussing (study choice) test results.
- Plan of approach.
The result may also be that you are in the right place at your current study. In any case, you have re-examined your choice of study.
Making choices is part of life. In everything you do, you make bigger or smaller choices and from one choice/decision you go on to the next. Three aspects recur in a selection process: making a choice, experiencing a choice and reflecting on the choice.
When making a choice (of study), having first studied yourself (interests, competencies, characteristics, values etc.), it is actually about
- Exploring the options: the phase in which you investigate the possible options (in this case study programmes) in breadth and depth;
- Commitment to a choice (made): at a certain moment you come to a decision, a choice, to which you commit yourself. For example, you choose to study Psychology, and you go for it.
Once you have chosen, you go:
- Experience and reflect: you actually only know for sure whether you're in the right place once you've made your choice. Only then will you experience what it is like to study, reflect on it and conclude whether this was the right choice. If it feels right, you stick with your choice or you decide to make another choice (choose a new study programme). And then the choice circle starts all over again.
(Source: A life-long choice, Evelyne Meens, 2020)
Study choice doubts (reflection on motivation)
So it's not so strange if you start having doubts about your choice of study. If part of making a choice, namely experiencing what it is like, only comes when you have already started your study, there is a chance that it is not (quite) the study that suits you.
It would, of course, be great if, in addition to properly researching various interesting study programmes, there was also an opportunity to experience the study programme to some extent before making a final choice. This considerably increases the chance that you will choose a study programme that suits you and with which you can identify.
Universities/programmes often offer (online) trial study activities to accommodate this to some extent.
Besides experiencing a study, there are ways to structure your search process so that you increase your chances of making a suitable choice. For this, see the section 'Looking for a new study programme'.
If you notice that you are no longer very motivated for your studies, that your studies are not going well, that you do not feel comfortable, it is important to reflect on this. What is it exactly that affects your motivation? This can be due to various things.
For example, it could be that you are not as interested (intrinsically motivated) in the subject of your study as you initially thought. Or it could be that you enjoy the work you will be doing after your studies, but that the road to get there is too long.
Sometimes the reason for your choice comes from things outside of you, which sometimes feel more like a 'must'. For example, if those around you think it's important to choose this study and you want to make them proud.
People perform and feel best when they make choices that are in line with their interests, values and goals. That you do activities and make choices that really interest you, in which motives and motivation are important elements.
Another factor that can play a role in good or less good motivation is the extent to which
- you feel comfortable in a new environment
- you feel connected with fellow students
- you feel that you can manage your studies.
If you have the impression that it has more to do with these last aspects than with the actual interest in your study, try to make some adjustments/improvements. Especially ask for help if you don't know how to handle this. Chances are good that you will be able to continue your studies in a good way. Try to clarify for yourself which form(s) of motivation played a role in your current choice of study.
If you want to investigate whether you are on the right track with the choices you have made, or are in the process of making them, ask yourself the following questions:
- What activities do I find interesting and fun to do?
- What activities do I find important to do (values)?
- What activities do I do/want to do that contribute to achieving my personal goals?
- What activities do I do that make me feel not guilty, or make me feel proud?
- What activities do I do that provide rewards or avoid punishment?
- Which activities do I do that give me no reason to do them?
Quitting your studies and looking for a new one can feel very unpleasant. You can start all over again, while you had just begun a new phase. You may feel sad, restless and uncertain about what to do next. There may be an empty period in front of you before the new academic year begins, and how are you going to fill it? Take some time to process all this and to regain your energy to take the next step, i.e. orienting yourself towards a new study.
In any case, the advantage of choosing again is that you already know how 'it works'. You have been involved in the choice process before and you already have experience with studying, with the nice and less nice aspects of it. That makes it easier for you to get a better idea of a new study programme.
Start by asking yourself the following questions:
- How did you arrive at your current choice of study?
- Ask yourself how and why you came to your present educational choice. Describe this to yourself in as much detail as possible (e.g. with whom you talked about it, whether you went to the information days).
- What expectations did you have beforehand that you were looking forward to and what of these expectations did you find in your current study programme?
- What factors influenced your study choice doubts? (see also: Study choice doubts: reflection on motivation)
- What were the expectations of the study and what was it like in practice?
- What are the positive aspects of your current study? Which elements would you like to see in a next study?
- What kind of environment would you like to study in? And which type of education suits you best?
- Are there any important factors to take into account when choosing a course of study?
Also delve into:
- The pitfalls you can fall into when making a choice. Do you recognise these pitfalls in yourself?
- The different choice styles that exist. What kind of chooser are you? Do you recognise your choice style(s)?
Start here with the Step-by-step plan Study (re) choice!
Deciding to quit your studies and start looking for a new one will not be easy for everyone. Therefore, take time to process this before you start working on your study choice again.
At the beginning of the study choice process where everything is still unclear, making a study choice can be quite unsettling and stressful. Some study re-choicers may already have ideas about what they would like to do, many others not at all. Realise that this feeling of uncertainty is quite normal at this stage.
There are many reasons why you might choose a particular study. These are different for everyone. Are you mainly looking for a study that is fun in terms of its content, or do you also take into account that it should allow you to find work later on? Do you first look for a nice city and only then for a study that is available there? So it is important to carefully examine what is important to you. But also, who are you, what are you good at, what do you like?
In the next step, you will orientate on yourself and the possibilities.
Orientation: Know yourself
In order to be able to choose a course of study, it is important that you have insight into yourself.
If you know who you are, what you can do, what you want and what you find important (qualities, competences, interests, values etc), you can better determine what suits you and this helps you to give direction and make decisions.
You may already be able to formulate this reasonably well for and about yourself, but it can also be useful to discuss this with others (parents, family, friends) to get this clear. For example, you can ask them what they think you are good at and what they see as your interests.
It may also be useful to take tests that can help you with this.
On the LU Career Zone you will find tests that will not only give you insight into the framework of your career, but also with regard to your choice of study:
- Career choices (interests/drives, what are you curious about, what do you want to know more about)
- Competencies (what are you good at, what do you do well, what would you like to develop further?)
- Personality (determine your personality type)
- Work values (what is important to you, in your life and in your work?)
But don't forget to take:
- The Icares study choice test, which gives you an overview of suitable courses based on your interests.
It is advisable to put these test results in a row, in a so-called Personal Profile document. For each part (interests/competencies/personality type/(work) values, other parts), list your 'highest' and 'lowest' scores. By putting the different aspects together, you get a total overview, your personal profile.
Orientation: look into the possibilities
Once you have a clear picture of yourself, you can move on to the next step: look into the possibilities, the choice options.
The information about yourself that you have collected in your personal profile will now be used to define fields of study that might suit you. You will then further explore these possible and suitable studies. Which study programmes best fit the profile you have defined?
To start with, take a look at the following websites, if you want to have a broad orientation, and find as much information as possible about the programmes that interest you:
- The Global Study choice portal (Studyportals)
- Study in holland
- Study choice123 (in Dutch)
- Icares study choice
- Open days calendar (in Dutch)
If you are already thinking about certain study programmes or institutions, you can start a more specific search.
- Within Leiden University? Check the bachelor's website.
- Outside Leiden University? Go to Studyportals.
- Be sure to visit Open Days as well, so that you can gain a broader perspective.
You can start by writing down the themes that interest you and that match your personal profile. Within those themes, you can look for the studies that are on offer. Maybe even both HBO and WO studies. You can make a mind map of this, for example. This is a broad orientation to get an idea of what is possible with your interests.
Then you narrow it down by delving deeper into the studies that really match your interests and conditions. You do that by delving further into the studies you have found.
Do you have your eye on a number of programmes? Then explore them in more detail:
- Take a look at the study programme, not only the first year, but also the second and third year.
- Look at the courses in the study prospectus of the programme, what does the course involve, what kind of education does the course have, etc.
- Think about what else you would like to do during your studies, such as a stay abroad, an internship, an honours programme, etc.
- Also take a look at the specialisations of the bachelors. Do they appeal to you?
- What can you do on the labour market with this programme? Where do graduates work?
You can do a lot online, but also take the following actions:
- Visit Open Days
- Take part in 'Information activities' - experiences help to make a better choice
- Spend a day with a student
- Discuss your considerations with your parents, friends, study advisor, etc.
- Talk to students who are doing / have done the study that appeals to you.
- Interview people from the field about jobs the study is training you for.
You can then compare the courses that remain after this in-depth phase. In this phase, determine the most important factors on the basis of which you will make a choice. For instance, the type of education, the possibility of doing an internship, the options within the programme, the location or educational institution or the job market opportunities.
Still finding it difficult? Then make use of the Choice aid: T-model.
If you have investigated the options and compared them with each other, it is certainly possible to make a choice. Are you ready to make a decision?
You have extensively researched different studies and now it is time to dare to take the step and choose an education.
Also know that study choices are not final. Research has shown, for example, that after 25 years, more than 75% of working people are no longer employed in the sector they initially studied! This is because you are constantly developing and gaining new experiences. Based on these new experiences, you will keep on making new choices. So don't think that you are stuck with your choice of study for the rest of your life. Don't make the choice more difficult than it already is.
Have you found a study programme that appeals to you and are you ready to make the decision? Congratulations! You are now facing the next phase in your life!
Enrol in the programme of your choice via Studielink!
Also check out the video we made for prospective students (choosing for the first time).
Study choice tips
Study choice tips!